by Department of Agriculture,University College Dublin in Dublin .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||96|
Crop Breeding: Methods and Protocols presents detailed guidelines and tutorials that suit different needs and capacity from small laboratories analyzing molecular markers on a one-by-one basis to the increasingly popular high-throughput protocols for high capacity laboratories. Topics covered include breeding strategy for the selection of an. Chapter 1. An Introduction to Agriculture and Agronomy. Agriculture helps to meet the basic needs of human and their civilization by providing food, clothing, shelters, medicine and recreation. Hence, agriculture is the most important enterprise in the Size: KB. The evolution of cultivated plants. Plant introductions. Mode of reproduction in relation to plant-breeding methods. Variability in plants. Genes and qualitative characters. Quantitative inheritance. Role of the environment in plant breeding. Selection in self-pollinated crops. Hybridization and gene combinations. • Most of our crops can be classified as cross pollinated or self pollinated • Cross pollinated means that an insect or wind normally carries pollen from one plant to another in order to fertilize it • Self pollinated means that the plant will pollinate and fertilize itself • Both types require that you crosstone plan with another in order to.
Heterosis breeding is an important genetic tool that can facilitate yield enhancement from 30 to % and helps enrich many other desirable quantitative and qualitative traits in crops (Srivastava, ). In general, breeding experiments have to be conducted in multilocation field trials with replication to obtain an accurate plant phenotyping evaluation of the Author: Peter Caligari. Two excellent resources for information on the domestication and evolution of crop plants are Zohary and Hopf () and Smartt and Simmonds (). Following domestication, the biggest effort in breeding (via unconscious or conscious selection) was the adaptation of . Introduction to. Crop Science. Agriculture. - the production of food, feed, fiber, fuel and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals. - science, art and business of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock - the work of raising crops or livestock - from Latin ager, a field; and cultura, cultivation/5(3).
Natural vegetative reproduction. In nature, multiplication of certain plants occurs by underground stems, sub aerial stems, roots and bulbils. In some crop species, underground stems (a modified group of stems) give rise to new plants. Underground stems are of four types: viz. rhizome, tuber, corm and Size: 6MB. This book, Plant Breeding, has it bases in an earlier text entitled An Introduction to Plant Breeding by Jack Brown and Peter Caligari, first published in The challenges facing today’s plant breeders have never been more overwhelming, yet the prospects to contribute significantly to global food security and farmers’ quality of life have never been more exciting and fulfilling.4/5(1). Horticultural Plant Breeding is a complete and comprehensive resource for the development of new cultivars or clones of horticultural crops. It covers the basic theories that underpin plant breeding and applies Mendelian, quantitative and population inheritance practices in smaller populations where the individual plant has high value. art, science and business, factors affecting crop production lecture 2: classification of crops based on their utility and seasons of growing, major and principal crops of the country, introduction to major fruits, vegetables and flower crops of country lecture 3: crop rotation, principles of crop rotation, advantages of.